The Progymnasmata in European schools (XVI-XVII): from manuals to classroom practice


DURATION : 06/01/2020 - 05/31/2023

REALIZATION ENTITY : University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

ENTITY / ES FINANCIADORA / S : Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities


  • Trinidad Arcos Pereira (ULPGC, IATEXT)


  • Gregorio Rodríguez Herrera (ULPGC, IATEXT)

  • María Elena Curbelo Tavío (ULPGC, IATEXT)

  • María Dolores García de Paso Carrasco (ULPGC, IATEXT)

  • María Elisa Cuyás de Torres (ULPGC, IATEXT)

  • Jesús Alexis Moreno García (ULPGC, IATEXT)

  • Francisco José Bravo de Laguna Romero (ULPGC, IATEXT)

  • Joaquim Pinheiro (University of Madeira)

  • Cristina Santos Pinheiro (University of Madeira)


The project we propose continues, on the one hand, the study of the presence of the progymnasmata in European humanistic manuals of the 16th and 17th centuries, used in the first levels of teaching the discipline to study their comments and offer a digital edition of the Latin translations of the Progymnasmata of Aftonio and, on the other hand, since these are specific manuals for the classroom, we will investigate the proposals contained in them on the use of the progymnasmata in classroom practice to establish their degree of dependency and originality. From the results of previous projects (FFl2014-53859-P; FFl2011-24959, HUM2007-60725 / FILO) we have verified that some humanists have used it in their teaching practice in the classroom. their manuals do not

only to teach rhetoric, but also to reflect the thinking of his time. On the one hand, they have spread Reformation or Counter-Reformation thinking in order to instruct their students in these ideas. We start from the hypothesis that in widely distributed manuals, such as Lorich's, the confrontation that runs through Europe at this time is scarcely appreciated, since they resort to classic examples or that deal with problems of a social nature, such as drunkenness, but that in the manuals published specifically for specific schools this limitation does not exist and humanists use the manuals to instruct and indoctrinate. For this reason, it is necessary to study these manuals published for the use of students in the classrooms, of the type of Harbart, Micraelius, in the reformist sphere, or Pomey, in the Catholic sphere, to determine to what extent the manuals are used to religious or political indoctrination. On the other hand, we will study the examples to show how they reflect the thinking of society in other aspects, to determine, from a gender perspective, what is the consideration of women in the progymnasmata. Along these lines, we are especially interested in whether the texts consolidate the heteropatriarchal vision of women or, on the contrary, suppose a change and a recognition of women as aequa uiro. Thus, with EDUCAPROGYM we will contribute to improve the knowledge of the history of the teaching of rhetoric, we will provide the scientific community with the digital edition of the translations of the Progymnasmata of Aftonio and, finally, we will bring to light the ideas that made up the thought of the European society of these centuries.